Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes: It is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood glucose levels. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood or early adulthood, and people with this type of diabetes depend on an external source of insulin to control their blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common form of diabetes that usually occurs in adulthood. In type 2 diabetes, the body either does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin effectively. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include obesity, inactivity, poor diet, and a family history of diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes may include:

Increased thirst and frequent urination: A person may feel excessive thirst and a frequent need to urinate.

Weight loss: Despite an increased appetite, people with diabetes can lose weight.

Fatigue: A feeling of fatigue and lack of energy may be present.

Increased hunger: People with diabetes often feel increased hunger, especially for sweet or high-calorie foods.

Slow wound healing: Cuts and scrapes may heal more slowly in people with diabetes.

Changes in vision: Blurred vision or fluctuations in visual acuity may be observed.

Treatment of diabetes involves a combination of lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, and in some cases, medication or insulin. Key treatment goals include maintaining normal blood glucose levels, controlling body weight, regulating blood pressure and cholesterol, and preventing complications that can occur as a result of diabetes, such as heart disease, nerve damage, kidney problems, and blindness.

Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels, adherence to recommended dietary guidelines, adoption of healthy lifestyle habits and cooperation with medical professionals are important for achieving optimal diabetes control and maintaining quality of life.


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